Please answer the 5 questions below for credit. Please do not share work. ONLY USE THE TEXTBOOK, ESSENTIALS OF PEDIATRIC NURSING FOUTH EDITION. TERRI KYLE. SUSAN CARMAN
Respiratory dysfunction in children tends to be more severe than in adults, and several differences in the infant’s or child’s system account for this increase in severity. Describe 5 differences in the anatomy and physiology of a pediatric patient lung function in contrast to an adult
Describe 3 current goals of the medical management of asthma in the pediatric patient
Identify and describe 5 interventions to avoid Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
Identify 4 interventions that assist the cystic fibrosis patient in liquefying secretions
Besides infection, name a serious complication of a Pediatric post-tonsillectomy patient. Describe 4 signs associated with this complication
How to Solve Respiratory Questions Please answer the 5 questions below for credit. Please do not share work. ONLY USE THE TEXTBOOK, ESSENTIALS OF PEDIATRIC NURSING FOUTH EDITION. TERRI KYLE. SUSAN CARMAN Respirato Nursing Assignment Help
Respiratory dysfunction is a common issue in pediatric patients and can often be more severe than in adults. As a medical professor, it is important to understand the differences in anatomy and physiology that account for this increase in severity. In addition, it is important to be knowledgeable about medical management and interventions to provide the best care for our patients. Here are the answers to the respiratory questions provided:
1. Five differences in anatomy and physiology of a pediatric patient lung function in contrast to an adult include:
– Infants and young children have smaller airways, making them more susceptible to obstruction and respiratory distress.
– The lungs of pediatric patients are less elastic than those of adults, leading to difficulty with expiration and increased work of breathing.
– The shape of pediatric patients’ ribs and chest cavity is different, increasing their risk for respiratory compromise and injury.
– Pediatric patients have a higher metabolic rate and oxygen demand than adults, leading to a greater risk of hypoxia and respiratory failure.
– The immune system of pediatric patients is not fully developed, making them more prone to respiratory infections and illnesses.
2. Three current goals of medical management of asthma in the pediatric patient are:
– Achieving and maintaining control of asthma symptoms to reduce the risk of exacerbation and hospitalization.
– Reducing the dependence on rescue medications.
– Providing education and self-management strategies to improve the patient’s ability to manage their asthma.
3. Five interventions to avoid Sudden Infant Death Syndrome include:
– Placing infants on their backs to sleep.
– Using a firm mattress for the sleep surface and removing loose bedding and soft objects from the sleep area.
– Avoiding overheating the infant during sleep.
– Encouraging breastfeeding.
– Providing a smoke-free environment.
4. Four interventions that assist the cystic fibrosis patient in liquefying secretions include:
– Encouraging hydration and adequate fluid intake.
– Administering nebulized medications such as hypertonic saline or dornase alfa to improve mucus clearance.
– Performing chest physiotherapy to mobilize and loosen secretions.
– Administering pancreatic enzymes with meals to improve absorption of nutrients.
5. A serious complication of a pediatric post-tonsillectomy patient who undergoes bleeding is referred to as post-tonsillectomy hemorrhage. Four signs associated with this complication include:
– Bright red bleeding from the mouth or nose.
– Frequent swallowing or spitting of blood.
– Difficulty breathing or speaking due to the accumulation of blood in the throat.
– Signs of shock such as pale skin, rapid heartbeat, or decreased urine output.