Based on your initial bus ride through Sentinel City, identify one epidemiological event/issue that could potentially occur in this city. Provide a rationale for why you selected this event/issue and using the epidemiologic process described in Chapter 6, address the following questions: From whom and where in the city would you gather information? What types of data would you obtain to document the problem? What steps would you take to control or prevent this event/issue from impacting the entire city? Include at least 2 relevant and scholarly references.
Expert Solution Preview
In analyzing Sentinel City, it is essential to identify potential epidemiological events or issues. As a medical professor, it is crucial to teach our medical college students about the epidemiologic process and how it can be a valuable tool in identifying and addressing health issues in a community.
One epidemiological event/issue that could potentially occur in Sentinel City is air pollution caused by industrial emissions from factories and vehicles. Air pollution is a significant problem worldwide and can have negative impacts on the health of individuals in the community.
To gather information on this issue, I would obtain data from a variety of sources, including hospitals, clinics, and the city’s Department of Environmental Protection. I would also gather data from individuals living in neighborhoods closest to the factories and transportation hubs that generate the most emissions.
The data to document the problem would include the number of respiratory illnesses in the community, the number of hospital admissions, and the concentration of pollutants in the air. The data would be collected through surveys, medical records, and air quality monitoring stations.
To control or prevent this event/issue from impacting the entire city, I would recommend measures to reduce emissions from factories and transportation. I would suggest the development of regulations to ensure industries implement emission reduction technologies. Additionally, encouraging the use of public transportation, bicycles, and electric vehicles would be helpful in reducing emissions from vehicles.
In conclusion, air pollution caused by industrial emissions and vehicles is a significant public health issue that could potentially occur in Sentinel City. By using the epidemiologic process and gathering relevant data, we can determine the extent of the problem and take steps to control or prevent it from impacting the entire city.