Eating and Sleep Disorders

Answer each question in a paragraph of 4-6 sentences. Include one APA citation per question to support your answers.

  1. Describe the difference between anorexia nervosa and bulimia, including treatments for each.
  2. In your own words, describe one psychological, one
    sociocultural, and one physical theory about eating disorders
    (Morrison-Valfre, Table 23-1).
  3. Discuss the symptoms, related health disorders (mental or physical) and one nursing intervention for ONE of the following:
    • Insomnia
    • Primary hypersomnia
    • Narcolepsy
    • Sleep terror disorder

Expert Solution Preview

Eating disorders are complex and can have physical, psychological, and sociocultural components. Understanding the differences between anorexia nervosa and bulimia and their respective treatments is crucial in developing effective interventions for individuals struggling with these disorders. Additionally, understanding the various theories surrounding eating disorders, such as psychological, sociocultural, and physical theories, can further inform treatment approaches. Similarly, understanding the symptoms and health disorders associated with sleep disorders such as insomnia, primary hypersomnia, narcolepsy, and sleep terror disorder, along with appropriate nursing interventions, can assist healthcare providers in providing effective care.

1. Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by a persistent lack of appetite, excessive weight loss, and an intense fear of gaining weight. On the other hand, bulimia is an eating disorder characterized by binge eating followed by purging behavior. The treatment for anorexia nervosa often involves a multidisciplinary approach that includes nutritional counseling, psychotherapy, and medication. In contrast, the treatment for bulimia may include cognitive-behavioral therapy, nutritional counseling, and medication, such as antidepressants (Arcelus et al., 2011).

2. One psychological theory about eating disorders is the cognitive theory, which posits that individuals with eating disorders have distorted perceptions of their bodies and foods. A sociocultural theory of eating disorders argues that particular societal and cultural factors, such as idealized body standards, contribute to the development of eating disorders. Finally, a physical theory of eating disorders proposes that biological factors may be involved in the onset and maintenance of eating disorders (Morrison-Valfre, 2019).

3. Insomnia is a sleep disorder in which individuals experience difficulty falling or staying asleep. Symptoms of insomnia can include fatigue, irritability, and difficulty concentrating. Additionally, insomnia has been linked to the development of mental health disorders such as depression and anxiety. A possible nursing intervention for insomnia is sleep hygiene education, which may include strategies such as maintaining a consistent sleep schedule, limiting caffeine intake, and creating a relaxing sleep environment (Morin et al., 2006).

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